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Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Analysis Of Living Ancients By Matthew Shenoda

According to an online article, “Matthew Shenoda is an Egyptian poet and former assistant provost for equity and diversity and faculty member in the School of Critical Studies at the Califonia Institute of the Arts.

How To Understand Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare

Detailed Background
What experience led to Shakespeare’s creation of this poem? What reality is in Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare? How does the poem’s background and setting reflect our present environment?
William Shakespeare wrote many sonnets during his lifetime and Sonnet 18 is one among the popular which might be as a result of the varying circumstances surrounded the poem. Almost his sonnets held similar subjects such as love, life, death, beauty, etc. 

This could result from the fact that those subjects were very much in vogue among writers and artist of his era considering the poem of Christopher Marlowe “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” also reflected love. Sonnet 18 is a poem directed towards the poet’s heart of love to someone else (a feminine). The works of William Shakespeare sent a vivid message to the readers showing that the poet was a very emotional person. This reminds me of a movie about the poet titled “Shakespeare In Love” where the poet who acted as a playwright in the movie and was seen busy writing a love poem to impress her newly found lover named Viola de Lesseps; the movie “Shakespeare in Love” was released in the year 1998.

Shakespeare married at the age of 18 as recorded by many articles about the poet and his wife name Anne Hathaway who had three children for the poet. To answer the question of what led Shakespeare to writing Sonnet 18, many research has viewed the sonnet as a poem directed to another lover different from the poet’s wife since Shakespeare was a very famous poet of his time and having a secret lover might not totally be a false assumption. What reality is in the message of the poem? The reality in the poem can be linked to the common nature of human attractions which are mostly propelled by outward beauty and material possessions. 

Tuesday, June 13, 2017

5 Poetry Prizes You Must Not Miss

  • The National Poetry Competition

This is awarded annually to any single poem written in English Language. The poet receives an award of £5000. This is open to any poet age 17 and above with a single poem worthy of competition. For detail on WHEN TO SEND, HOW TO SEND, then follow HERE>>>

  • The 2017 Book Prize

This is awarded annually for poetry collections. The winner receives $1000 and a free publication by National Poetry Review Press. This prize is open to any poet with a poetry collection numbering up to 45 pages and written in English language. For detail on WHEN TO SEND, HOW TO SEND, then follow HERE>>>

  • The Omnidawn First/Second Book Poetry Contest

This prize is open to any first/second book of poetry in English language. The poet receives an award of $3000, a publication of the book by Omnidawn Publishing, 100 free copies of the published book and extensive displayed advertising and publicity. For detail on WHEN TO SEND, HOW TO SEND, then follow HERE>>>

Sunday, June 11, 2017

Analysis Of Love III by George Herbert

Love III by George Herbert is an eighteen line love poem with a static rhythm plus end rhyme pattern of ABABCCDEDEFFGHGHII. The message of the poem is about the unconditional love of Christ and the unrighteous nature of human.

Friday, June 9, 2017

Analysis of The Opening Minutes of A Film by Gabeba Baderoon

“The Opening Minutes of a Film” is a poem written by an award-winning South African poet with the name Gabeba Baderoon. She was born 21st of February of 1969 and her literary contribution has won the Daimler Chrysler Award in 2005. Based on personal perspective, the eight stanza poem speaks of the unwavering companionship of human shadow (I hope I’m correct on this one). The poet expressed the thoughts of the abstract shadow from a first person point of view with the reoccurring “I” in the poem and the use of “we” proved the shadow’s spirit of unity.  

At first, the innocence expressed in stanza one and six made me feel the poet is referring to a baby but further lines in the poem showed otherwise. It is a general believe that wherever we go, whatever we do, our shadow is our witness; The poem “The Opening Minutes of a Film” by Gabeba Baderoon restated the believe. In the first stanza, we see the person’s standing position, then in the second stanza when the person was walking to the station “against the adverts in the subway” and how deep the trust of the shadow in stanza 4 “I want you to look at me/ You look back, maybe to see/ if we’re going in the same direction” The second last stanza seems complex “We both know something is about to happen/ I don’t want to talk” then she ended the poem with “Keep walking, but look back/ So we know we are together”. 

The messages from the poem are of trust, innocence, companionship, while the setting is a place where ray of light does cast shadow namely the subway. The free verse opened with simile “like the opening minutes of a film” and proceeded with other poetic devices such as assonance “against the adverts in the subway” alliteration “slow down so much” metaphor “your hair seems liquid” and repetition of “slow” “want” “walking”.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

National Poetry Day 2017 Theme Is Freedom

image from squarespace.com
Freedom has been  tagged the theme for the upcoming poetry day celebration 2017. Very awesome and thoughtful in the sense that the universe seek freedom from fear and chaotic happenings around the globe. Poetry, with its origin from Greek word "poiesis" is a deep thought form of art created in broken lines for verse motive. Poetry has been one of the classic and best means of communication_ a true reasonable medium to claim the freedom of humans at this present era.  

The National Poetry Day 2017 celebration tends to hold 28th of September, has caused the BBC working with the Forward Arts Foundation to commission 12 local poets across England to each write a poem based on a distinctive local expression. The chosen expressions will be taken from words that have been suggested by listeners to BBC Local Radio, on social media, and in interviews and discussions. The words suggested will also be considered for inclusion in the OED which seems a flavor to dialects and also broadens the scope of English language.

This link at "WriteOutLoud" website has a very comprehensive idea as regards National Poetry Day and BBC team up with OED to unearth local words for poems | Write Out Loud

To join the event on twitter the following link is required #nationalpoetryday.

Saturday, June 3, 2017

How To Understand Piano and Drums by Gabriel Okara

The Message and Structural Review
The poem “Piano and Drums” by Gabriel Okara focused on the poets position with two opposing cultures (African and European) and from the context of the poem, his African background which was symbolized with “Drums” was deeply explained all through the first and the second stanzas; at the commencement of the third stanza, he revealed his feeling towards his newly embraced way of life (the European civilized living) which was symbolized by the poet with the image of “Piano”.  As it is very necessary for the readers to link the form of the poem to the themes, the theme of African cultural simplicity resided with stanza one and two. How? Okara felt that the African culture is simpler and easier to live with as seen to be full of innocence; lacking innovation “fashioned with the naked/ warmth of hurrying feet and groping hearts/ in green leaves and wild flowers pulsing”. 

The theme of foreign cultural complexity dominated the third stanza of the poem where the symbol “Piano” was hard to understand leaving the poet lost in its rhythm. The poet then confessed his confusion of which culture to fully embrace at the final stanza of the poem:
“And I lost in the morning mist
of an age at a riverside keep
wandering in the mystic rhythm
of jungle drums and the concerto”

Exactly which parts of the poem can the themes be drawn? To attend to this question, here are few of the themes (i) Simplicity of the African culture (ii) the complex European lifestyle (iii) dilemma (iv) clash of two culture (v) reminiscence/innocence. Between line 12-16, Gabriel Okara spoke on the simplicity in the African culture saying “at once I’m walking simple/ paths with no innovations/ rugged, fashioned with the naked/ warmth of hurrying feet and groping hearts/ in green leaves and wild flowers pulsing”. From line 17-20, the complexity of the European culture was portrayed as “a wailing piano/ solo speaking of complex ways/ in tear-furrowed concerto/ on far away lands…” 

Thursday, June 1, 2017

The Theme Of Frustrated Dreams In Ambush By Gbemisola Adeoti

Relate the title of the poem ambush to the theme of frustrated dream WAEC MAY/JUNE 2017
To answer this question, we must shed light on the title of the poem, then explain the theme of frustrated dream before relating the title and the theme. To start with the title, The title symbolized the various unfair acts perpetrated by “the land” using the giant whale, the giant hawk, the sabre-toothed tiger.

“The land“ frustrated the dwellers ambition hopelessly and deceitfully. “The land” in the poem “Ambush” by Gbemisola Adeoti is symbolized by the poet to paint the clear picture of frustration witnessed by the dwellers. From line 1-7, “the land” was compared to a giant whale denying the fishermen of the fishes they ought to catch by swallowing “the sinker with hook, line and bait”. In every human endeavor, there is always a target for success and the fishermen in the poem exemplified such by aiming at certain number of fish to be caught at the end of their expedition; to their utmost chagrin the giant whale frustrated their targeted success and made them returned home empty handed.

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Analysis Of Living Is A Fire By Ben Okri

Naijapoets.com loves to commence this analysis with the view of the poem's structure. A free verse in the sense that, the five stanzas don't rhyme nor maintain a similarity in line count per stanza. Note as well is that Ben Okri positioned each of his points of discuss in line with stanza break. The first and the last stanza are refrains of the same idea (life is simple but humans made life a difficult place for themselves). The stanza two which he chopped into thirteen lines discussed human inability to admit the pains they live through are self-made. The third verse of the poem pointed that love doesn't thrive where there is starvation and hopeless suffering, he portrayed such ideas through the child-parent bond. Humans' insatiable desire to acquire definitely lead to destruction, chaos and unrest; as said by the poet in stanza four below:
"Minor devastations preceding
Resonate the ineffable.
The mothers that wake
At the slightest sound
And the fathers that
Smoke all night
And the rest of us who are
Vigilantes from the demons
Of oppressed sleep
Find at dawn the clearest
Images of bewilderment.
Even the best things
Collapse beneath the weight
Of ignorance."

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

How To Understand The Anvil And The Hammer By Kofi Awoonor

The Detailed Overview of the Poem
The poem “The Anvil and the Hammer” is an African oriented poem not just because the poet (Kofi Awoonor) is an African but the subject in discuss is about Africans and their relationship with culture. The mixture of African culture with alien culture has remained like a wide spread disease within the Africa of today; the reasons stemming out of colonial impacts and haywire civilization. 

From the words of Williams Wordsworth, “poetry is an expression of man’s inner most feelings”. Quite undeniable truth such definition revealed because “The Anvil and The Hammer” by Kofi Awoonor did reflect the inner most feeling of the poet. Kofi Awoonor, in the poem, spoke of cultural clash within Africa which the poet also felt. Kofi’s active literary periods were between 1960s and 1970s; not far from the time of Ghana’s independence and the period most African countries gained their freedom from the shackles of the colonialists. No wonder the poetic messages of African poets such as Dennis Osadebay, Bernard Daddie, Gabriel Okara, Syl Cheney-Coker, David Rubadiri, revolved around subject similar to The Anvil and The Hammer by Kofi Awoonor. 

It is hard letting go of the poem’s message, even the millennium generation of poetry readers can still attest to the message passed across by the poet because the impact of foreign culture has highly overridden the African culture beyond the period Kofi crafted this poem (which was around late 1970s). For a comprehensive biography of Late Kofi Awoonor, naijapoets.com suggests the visit to wikipedia website.

Analysis Of Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost

First of all, I marvel at how Robert Frost turned a mere complex sentence to a deep thought poem; seriously, Frost was a poetry genius.

If I'm to put this poem in a sentence, I will write: "A crow showered me with snow while sadly sitting under a hemlock tree and relieved me of my sorrow."

Dust of Snow by Robert Frost is a short two stanza rhyme poem of 4 lines per stanza. The first stanza has an end rhyme of ABAB while the second stanza has an end rhyme pattern of CDCD. The first stanza revealed an incidence (a crow pouring snow on the poet) while the second stanza showed the impact of the incidence on the poet (the sad poet who wanted to ruminate his sorrow under the hemlock tree then came to realize that frustration is a natural thing in life; anything can bring vexation including nature's bird, tree, and snow).

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Analysis of For My Mother In Her Mid 90s by Ama Ata Aidoo

In this female glorifying poetic piece of Ama Ata Aidoo, the poet indirectly revealed the special qualities possessed by her mother; not forgetting to point at people's amazement that her mother was still hail and hearty at the age of ninety and above.
As seen in stanza 12:
"Listen to the “is-your-mother-still-alive” greeting,
eyes popping out,
mouth agape and trembling"

The poet recolled many relationships had with her mother; particularly, the tales of long beginning which commenced the poem:
complex, complicated stories:
heart-warmingly familial and sadly colonial."

Friday, May 19, 2017

Prove That The Proud King By William Morris Is A Narrative Poem

Narrative poetry is such that tells tale with the use of dramatic elements. Paradise Lost by John Milton, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge,
The Proud King by William Morris also falls under the category of narrative poetry; and we shall support this claim with just three points below:

(1) Lengthiness:- One of the common characteristics of a narrative poem is the three digit length of lines it mostly possesses. The Proud King by William

Monday, May 15, 2017

Overview Of Animal Farm by George Orwell

Animal Farm by George Orwell:-
The story started and ended in the Manor Farm owned by Mr. Jones, who unforeseen happen made bankrupt with nothing to solace in than alcohol. The farmer’s inability to properly manage the animals gave rise to the planned rebellion by the animals. At some points in the role of events, there was a conflict of who should be the head of the animals (Snowball or Napoleon). The dictator Napoleon chased Snowball off the Manor Farm then things went from worse to worst for the animals.

How was Snowball chased off the farm?
With bestial dogs, Napoleon chased Snowball off the animal farm as to willfully rule the animals the way that soothe him.  “Four legs good, two legs bad” was a repeated motto of Snowball being a rebel to human reign in the farm. Snowball was a die-hard supporter of Old Major’s philosophies; such ideologies didn’t align with those of greedy Napoleon who adopted all the principles of Mr. Jones after the expulsion of Snowball and made the animals suffered beyond imagination.

How did Napoleon manipulate all animals to support his tyranny?
Besides the fact that Napoleon used the trained dogs for his forceful takeover, Squealer was another instrument of his manipulation. A pig with a very sugar-coated mouth, always known as someone manipulating the other animals to favor the wills of Napoleon. The animals were misinformed, and every negative situation in the farm was attributed to Snowball; alleged of coming in under the cover of darkness and performing all kinds of mischief such as stealing the corn, upsetting the milk-pails and breaks the eggs, among others.

George Orwell’s use of irony in Animal Farm:-
One among the well known characters of a satire is the use of irony, so it’s no surprise that ironies were not found missing in Animal Farm by George Orwell. The author created ironies out of so many situations such as the case of the animal’s illiteracy. Sick Boxer was taken to the slaughter under the guise of been taken to the hospital even when the imprint message on the van was boldly written “Horse Slaughterer and Glue Boiler”, Boxer and other animal could not comprehend the message.  “The writer uses irony to laugh at the folly of the animals in their belief that their lives would become better after the overthrow of Jones. The irony is extended in the, wideness of the pigs and the gullibility of the other animals.” According to Wikipedia article, “All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others”, and “For legs good, two legs better!” as the pigs become more human. This is an ironic twist to the original purpose of the Seven Commandments, which were supposed to keep order within Animal Farm by uniting the animals together against the humans and preventing animals from following the humans’ evil habits, Orwell demonstrates how simply political dogma can be turned into malleable propaganda.

How pigs aided the message of the author:-
Starting with Old Major, the oldest pig on the farm, highly respected and regarded by the other animals. Old Major suggested the act rebellion against humans. Snowball is a very passionate pig who meant the best for all the animals in the Manor Farm. Snowball was known to be very eloquent and intelligent. Napoleon, another significant pig in the novel, is considered the greedy dictator who manipulates other animals to have its own way. Napoleon planned how Snowball was forced out of the farm. Squealer is also a pig character in the novel, he was considered Napoleon’s second-in-command. He was Napoleon’s pawn for imposing dictatorship on other animals.

Discuss three vices or weaknesses in human society that Orwell satirizes in Animal Farm (WAEC MAY/JUNE 2000)
Answer according to Johnson Publication goes thus:

“Notable among the vices satirized by Orwell in Animal Farm are selfishness or egocentrism, narcissism or discrimination, despotism or ruthlessness. (i) Selfishness: This is demonstrated by Napoleon, Squealer and most of the pigs. They ascribed to themselves all the goodies, brunties, largesse and all the choicest foods and drinks in the farm without taking others into consideration. For instance, it is decreed that only the pigs should be allowed to eat apples and drink milk. This type of egocentric attitude is prevalent in human society, and has been infused or integrated into the novel. (ii) Narcissism or discrimination: This occurs in forms of discrimination between genders, among ethnic groups, nations or even between one race and the other. The pigs demonstrate this narcissist tendency on their part when they claim to be superior to all other animals in the farm. (iii) Despotism or ruthlessness: This is one of the major vices perpetrated by the rulers and the ruling classes in human society these days. This is demonstrated in the novel by Napoleon and his nine ferocious dogs who constitute themselves as his guards.”

Sunday, May 14, 2017

Symbolism In Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara

Discuss the use of symbolism in Okara's Piano and Drum WAEC MAY/JUNE 2017.

Based on Oxford dictionary, symbolism is to represent a concept through symbols or underlying meanings of objects or qualities

The cultural dilemma poem "Piano and Drums" by Gabriel Okara is a whole load of symbols; from the title to down the context.

Top 4 Poetry Communities Naijapoets Recommend

Naijapoets is an analysis website analyzing African and Non-African poems for the ease of poetry understanding. Before it got to this, naijapoets strengthened its poetry passion with the help of some reliable poetry communities such as poemhunter, poetrypoem, poetrysoup, allpoetry, etc.

#1. Poemhunter :-
Is so outstanding and in terms of poetry databases, I always have this feeling that poemhunter archives the largest number of poem on internet; though my feeling might not be prove-solid because of names like poets.org, poetryfoundation.org, just to mention two.

The website is one among the leading poetry communities online with well over a million poems and infinite count of daily membership.

The poemhunter website features:
1. Poem of the Day
2. Top 500 poets
3. Top 500 poems
4. Free Member Poem Submission
The web address is poemhunter.com

#2. PoetryPoem:-
Is a poetry community that enables poetry lovers and poets the platform to perform their passion. The website claims 101,000 poets that published over 800,000 poems.

Authors using PoetryPoem must not post other people's work without the copyright holder's permission. Sponsors can mail PoetryPoem at:
Poetrypoem Monique, P.O.Box 4103 Martinsburg, WV 25402.

The poetrypoem website features:
1. Free Poetry Contest
2. Poetry Prime Poets
3. Free Poetry Publishing
4. Top 100 Poems
The web address is poetrypoem.com

#3. PoetrySoup:-
Owned by Arczis Web Technologies Inc. is another poetry community so similar as allpoetry. Poetrysoup is maintained through third party advertising and donation. It only accepts poems written by the poets that submits them. All Poems submitted are published as the poet’s original work and under the poet's copyright.

The poetrysoup website features:
1. Poetry Contest
2. Premium Membership
3. Free Membership
4. Free Verse Poem
The web address is poetrysoup.com

#4. Allpoetry:-
Is a poetry community owned by Kevin Watt having way over 20,000 poets both with free and paid memberships. Users are meant to enjoy the site based on their devotion to the site in terms of financial support.

Allpoetry does not run adsense like most poetry community websites do, so it makes it more favorable for expert and amateur authors to promote their poetry through in-depth critiques and other similar forms of promotional mediums for publishers.

The allpoetry website features:
1. Awards and Contests
2. Poetry Community
3. Writing Group
4. Learning Tools
The web address is allpoetry.com

Friday, May 12, 2017

Winning £20000 Amazon Kindle Storyteller Prize

To all naijapoets fans and readers, in case you are yet to know, it's pleasure to inform you that Amazon Storyteller Award is still on till 19th of May 2017 (Not too late at all). If you are a poet or maybe something way beyond that, and you have your writeups still helplessly waiting to hit the floodlights, then I tell you, it's not too late to participate in the Amazon UK Kindle Award since you stand the chance of winning £20,000!

The Amazon UK Kindle Storyteller Award is open for entries. The Kindle Storyteller Award is a new literary prize recognising newly published work in the English language across any genre and includes a £20,000 prize.

Saturday, May 6, 2017

Examines Wara's Role in the Development of the Plot

Examines Wara's role in the development of the plot. (WAEC MAY/JUNE 2017 QUESTION AND ANSWER)

In every tragic drama, there are rivalry, revenge or avenge, greed and tragic flaw. One of the ways Dele Charley successfully knitted events to a well designed ending, is via the roles played by Wara.

Dele Charley is a Sierra Leonean author who lived between 1948 and 1993. His book, The Blood of a Stranger, is an African drama about cultural abuse and corrupt acts of the colonialists.

Analysis of to a Bedbug by Sam Mbure

Two important messages surfaced from the complaining voice of the poem speaker are; the victim's constant nuptial lost of blood and the victim's poverty condition. It can be said that one problem led to another in the sense that it might be the poem speaker's poverty that caused his "little bed" infested.

Sam Mbure, in this poem title "To A Bedbug" wrote about the negative effect and the inconvenience caused by bedbug; not only that, the chosen words of the poem marveled at the wisdom of the bedbug. Saying that the "tiny creature" only takes advantage of his unconscious sleeping state to feed and breed in his bed.

Examine The Theme of Endurance in Birches by Robert Frost

Examine the theme of endurance in Birches (WAEC MAY/JUNE 2017 QUESTION AND ANSWER).

Birches is a poem written to paint the picture of uneasiness of living on earth most especially as an adult by using the birch trees as symbol of such uneasiness. Frost showed a distinct feature of the birch tree as a very tough and tenacious tree in nature.

Such feature led us to the theme of endurance among other themes such as the theme of nostalgia, theme of transition, theme of earthly pleasure, etc.

Now is the time to delve deeply into the theme of endurance. The flexibility of the birches aided their ability to contain swinging and pressing down effects caused by ice-storms. The poet mentioned two different strains of the birch trees which are the imaginary boy swinging it and the ice-storms; of the two, the ice-storms left the birches bent forever. The birches didn't just endured the burden of the ice but continued to grow in its ice-caused deformity "Year afterwards, trailing their leaves on the ground"; after the birches are permanently bent, they didn't stop growing knowing that the deed is done and never to be reversed.

Inference of endurance is drawn from stanza four of the poem between line 14-19:
"They are dragged to the withered bracken by the load,
And they seem not to break; though once they are bowed
So low for long, they never right themselves:
You may see their trunks arching in the woods
Years afterwards, trailing their leaves on the ground
Like girls on hands and knees that throw their hair"

Friday, May 5, 2017

African School-girls' Song

Beat, beat, beat, dears, beat the golden grain, For food builds up the sinews, and stimulates the brain, Just as you beat rice, dears, with your pestle in your hand, You'll beat distrust and bloodshed, out of Africa our land. Clean, clean, clean, dears, clean the silver fish, Drop its shimmering, shining scales, then lay it on the dish; 'Tis destined in the future, Young Africans, that you Shall clean away the scales that hide true Africa from view. Burn, burn, burn, dears, burn the sweet palm oil, And every mother's son, dear, will thank you for your toil, For in the years to come, dears, while other nations shout, You'll burn the heart of Africa, till all its dross burns out. Grind, grind, grind, dears, pepper ripe and red, For the're many hungry eager, strong, black lads, who must be fed; Your dear black hands that guide the stone, will remain faithful still, To guide and comfort Africa, when passing through life's mill. Copyright (c) Gladys Casely-Hayford aka Acquah Laluah.

Analysis Of The Dry Season By Kwesi Brew

The Dry Season by Kwesi Brew is a very beautiful descriptive poetry. The poet uses simple language for the reader to understand. The setting of the poem is Africa. The poem is 3 stanzas with 6 lines each. There are alliterations in line 1 "withering; the wind" in line 7 "are tall and tinted" in line 14 "begin to burn", in line 18 "little life" there is a metaphor in line 1 "The year is withering", anaphora occurs in line 5-6, line 11-12, line 17-18, there are repetition of words like "leaves", "soon", "fires", "hare", "year". A deliberate run-on-line occurs from line 1 to line 2. Imageries in line 6 "the half-bare tree", in line 8 "straw-gold hue of dryness"

 The themes of the poem are: (1) The dry season is the sign of an ending year (2) Dryness is susceptible to fire According to the keen observation of naijapoets.com, the first stanza speaks of the relevance of the dry season to the folding of each year; "The year is withering". Brew further explains the reflections of the dry season on tree, man, dry winds, dusty roads, straw-gold grasses.

Thursday, May 4, 2017

Analysis Of Abiku By Wole Soyinka

Some people claimed that Abiku by Wole Soyinka symbolised the poet's military imprisonment. They claimed that Wole Soyinka wrote the poem to prove to the military government of the period that he would remain unsubmissive: "In vain your bangles cast Charmed circles at my feet; I am Abiku, calling for the first And the repeated time."(line 1-4)

 [Read: Cultural Reflection From Abiku By John Pepper Clark]

Other people claimed that Abiku by Wole Soyinka is a poem written to speak of the well-known African believe of a child dying and been given birth to by the same mother: "So when the snail is burnt in his shell Whet the heated fragments, brand me Deeply on the breast. You must know him When Abiku calls again."(line 9-12) It might be coincidental that Wole Soyinka was imprisoned around the time he wrote the poem "Abiku" but I do not support the team that believed Abiku was a symbol of his imprisonment.

Simple Summary Of The Fence By Lenrie Peters

According to an intelectual source, "The poem is a moral one which deals with the poet's dillema. He recounts the "dim" past and juxtaposes it with the future. The future is misty and foggy, and for this reason, he cannot possibly guess what the future looks like, neither can the past proffer any solution. In line 10-12, the poet recalls another striking phenomenon which is a contributing factor to the problem he is facing. This time, it is no longer time, but "age". Indeed he is so wei

Analysis Of I Find No Peace And All My War Is Done By Thomas Wyatt (WASSCE Unseen Poetry)

Most of Thomas Wyatt's poems have been about love and "I Find No Peace And All My War Is Done" is no exception. The poem is about the frustration the poet or poem speaker faced in a certain love relationship. The poet opened the poem with the conclusion in his mind saying that since he couldn't find no peace, he would give up his fighting. Line 2-7 further explains the poet's or the poem speaker's state of dilemma which precedes the poet's conclusion: "I fear and hope, I burn and freeze like ice; I fly above the wind, yet can I not rise, And naught I have and all the world I seize on; That looseth nor locket holdeth me in prison, And holdeth, me not yet can I scape nowise; Nor letteth me liv

Differentiate Between Africa By David Diop And Africa By Raphael Armattoe

David Diop (1927-1960) wrote a poem titled "Africa" and Raphael Armattoe (1913-1953) also wrote a poem titled "Africa". This post intends to view the difference between the idea of both poets as regards the title "Africa".
David Diop's poem "Africa" talks about the colonial and slavery of Africans, at the middle of the poem he wrote: "The work of your slavery/Africa, tell me Africa/ Is this your back that is unbent/ This back that never breaks under the weight of humilation/ This back trembling with red scars/ And saying no to the whip under the midday sun" Diop further pers<!--more-->onified the African continent as an angry elder who was aware of the impending revolution, and chided him for thinking rash thoughts.
On the other hand, Raphael Armattoe in the poem "Africa" talks about Africans irrational embrace of western lifestyle than African culture. In the poem, Raphael was addressing a lady who he taught was sad but the response of the lady made him realise that she wasn't sad but sick and dying due to arrogance and nonchalance of the people around. If the poem is to be viewed from its connotative meaning, the lady Armattoe was addressing is Africa, and Africa (as the mother of Africans) was feeling cold and numb because her children were dying as a result of not listening to the ways of their mother, Africa.
Another difference to note is that David Diop's "Africa" was longer in length than Raphael Armattoe's "Africa".

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry (the Leo with wings flying) 

Discuss The Themes Of Political Revolution And Struggle For Freedom In Gbanabom Hallowell's "The Dining Table"

[QUESTION] Discuss the themes of political revolution and struggle for freedom in Gbanabom Hallowell's "The Dining Table". (NECO JUNE/JULY 2016 LITERATURE-IN-ENGLISH)

[ANSWER] The Dining Table by Gbanabom Hallowell is a political dissention poem; no dispute about that. Such led the content of the poem to germinate the themes of political revolution and struggle for freedom.
To the best of naijapoets.com ability, both themes are discussed as follows:
Political revolution always leads to chaotic atmospheric situations which is not different from Hallowell's sympathetic narration. The revolutionary picture of the poem revealed brutality, desperate inhumanity to humans, the use of guns and harmful weapons. On top of that, the victims were placed in condition of homelessness. Victims homelessness gathered every age to the so-called “dinner table”; including the sleepless barefooted children with eyes so sharp and alert like switchblades because the effect of the war or sudden attack had taken away their peace and clipped their voices with silence.
On the side of "the struggle for freedom", the gathering as portrayed by the poet motivates the need for freedom. Common to nights of every assaults, abnormal alertness backed by fear was evident in the

Analysis Of Monsters By Godspower Oboido

Monsters by Godspower Oboido is a poem about the bloody politics in Nigeria both in the period of elections and after elections. The politicians are so heartless and their heartlessness led to the poet symbolised them as "Monsters". Their desperate act of taking the seat of power by force lead to sleepless night in the nation not excluding the effect of such on domestic animals like goat.
"Monsters" is a poem that can be regarded as descriptive. With well chosen imageries, the experience of Godspower Oboido or preferably that of the poem speaker is butchered for the readers to see every part of it; starting from the fear to the actual bloody maiming then to the customary repetition of the bloody political tricks backed by greed and corruption. The poem speaker finalized the poem with anaphoric four lines that summarized the poet's verbatim and left the poem very open even to the literal brain: " it's the fear of the elections it's the fear of the killings it's the fear of the monsters it's the fear in Nigeria"
The poem can be placed under political category with the themes of fear, power, killing, etc. The diction is simple and few of the device employed are metaphor " there are monsters in our father land" parallelism "there's a sudden nightmare in our land/there's a sudden curfew in our land" imagery "bleating in panic" anaphora "it's the fear of the elections/ it's the fear of the killings/ it's the fear of the monsters/ it's the fear in Nigeria" repetition "monsters after monsters/ greed after greed/ corruption after corruption" and lots more. POEM:- Monsters by Godspower Oboido our mothers are awake the eyes of our fathers are still whatever it is, it's enough to keep the babies awake too— insomniacs we've become
we hear a strange sound we see awful happenings and we see the monsters they are the ones in high places
in seasons they reign,
then another—
monsters after monsters greed after greed corruption after corruption
there are monsters in our father land they are our fathers— not the husbands of our mothers but the fathers of affairs of our land
there's a sudden nightmare in our land there's a sudden curfew in our land blood in the hands of the monsters blood! blood! blood! everywhere
they have started their killings for the golden seat of politics is it not poli-tricks? yea, political tricks they play on us
now babies, to their mothers back they are clinging fathers shutting the doors goats are bleating in panic
confusion everywhere, fear every day it's the fear of the elections it's the fear of the killings it's the fear of the monsters it's the fear in Nigeria ©copyright:- Godspower Oboido

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry (the Leo with wings flying)

Ozone Layer

What kind of car is this? I do no know. Except the locomotive ability of this rickety thing

Hardly moving when moved

Driving the driver driving it, I can see the driver sweating within it

Our nares and heads are filled with carbon monoxide this rickety thing is emitting from its nostrils

And like smoke from the swinging thurible used in a catholic cathedral

The emission is spreading everywhere

And melting the ozone layer like fire melting a shea butter

Ah! Every rich and poor african wants to ride a car; maybe rickety or rickety not they do not care

I blame you not my africans. Why didnt GOD build the ozone layer with iron rock and crystal than making it fragile like a silky material?

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry (the Leo with wings flying)

Analysis Of My Husband's Tongue Is Bitter By Okot P'Bitek

The wave of poetic analysis today takes us in naijapoets to the poem titled: My Husband's Tongue Is Bitter By Okot P'Bitek.
The poem reminds me of the Igbos, one among the ethnic groups in Nigeria. The Igbo people are so culturally inclined to the level that their culture reflects everywhere they find themselves. During the precolonial and the colonial era in Nigeria, the Igbo had a very different system of government which deferred from that of the Yoruba and Hausa; why? The Igbo people lived in clans.
According to the first line of the poem "My clansmen, I cry", which gave an impression that the poem persona was an Igbo woman who wasn't happy with the ill behavior of her husband and decided to table the matter before their clansmen.

OVERVIEW OF THE POEM Poem title:- My Husband's Tongue Is Bitter Poem author:- Okot P'Bitek Poet's point of view:- First Person Point Of View (The Woman's Husband) Category:- Marriage/Family Major poetic device:- Repetition Major theme:- Comparing beauty (African style to the western style)
This Okot P'Bitek poem consists of sixteen stanzas. The first three stanzas introduced the readers to the plight of primitive wife of a civilized African man. Stanza 4-6 shows that Ocol (the husband) has developed reasons to detest African ways not excluding his wife " My husband pours scorn/ On Black People" because he's now a modern, progressive, civilized man. The wife told the clansmen that she wasn't angry with her husband (a huge lie), she claimed that a true African wife is capable of competition. When the poem got to its fifteenth stanza, the wife dropped the bombshell on not only the clansmen but on the readers as well. In the form of advice, she reminded Ocol (her husband) of the solid importance of being an African in terms of custom and tradition which cannot be overridden by any inferior culture.
The obvious poetic devices are repetition of phrases "the insults" "my man" "Black people" "love". Other devices are alliteration "terrible things" metaphor "the ugly coat of the hyena" imagery "glowing charcoal" simile "is like raw yams".
Few of the themes in the poem has to do with the virtues in African customs and traditions. Through this poem, the importance of the clansmen can be felt. They served as the peacemaker within the clans.
Just as in poetic themes of many African poets, the comparison between the African culture and western culture is also evident in this poem. I can liken the poem speaker's claim at last stanza to that of Dennis Osadebay in his poem "The African Plea" where neither the African lifestyle nor the Western lifestyle was condemned; Dennis Osadebay and Okot P'Bitek were of the notion that both cultures should equally embraced rather than placing one above the other.
Quoting the stanza 15-16 where the major motive for the poem lies:- "Listen Ocol, my old friend, The ways of your ancestors Are good, Their customs are solid And not hollow They are not thin, not easily breakable They cannot be blown away. By the wind Because their roots reach deep into the soil.
I do not understand The way of foreigners But I do not despise their customs. Why should you despise yours? Listen, my husband, You are the son of the Chief. The pumpkin in the old homestead Must not be uprooted!"

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry (the Leo with wings flying)

Analysis Of Music By Charles Baudelaire

The Poet:-
Charles Baudelaire is a French author and poet who lived forty six years on earth between 1821 and 1867. One among his notable poetry works is Les Fleurs Du Mal (The Flowers Of Evil)
This poem gives a detailed experience of sailing; it talks about the foggy experience on the sea, the endless view of the sea, the waves waging war against the ship, the continuous sound of the ropes against the rigged mast of the ship, the calmness of the seas (which metaphorical was likened to a mirror). At the opening of the poem, the poet likened himself to a ship and likened music to a sailing experience on the sea. Music lifts the poet the same way the sea lifts the ship.
The themes evident in the poem are (i) the memorable experience of sailing (ii) the beautiful impacts of music.
Structurally, it must be said that the poem has a sea setting though the title and introduction depict music. it is a four stanza poem where the first line rhymes with the third line to portray an end rhyming scheme of ABAB ABAB. The first stanza contains four lines, the second stanza contains four lines, the third stanza contains three lines and fourth stanza contains three lines.
To summarize by each stanza, the stanza 1 says of how music is like sailing a ship, the stanza 2 further says of the poet push through music like

How To Excel In Literature-In-English Examination

Speaking generally about Literature-in-English examinations, not excluding WAEC, NECO, GCE, etc. Two simple facts are necessary for excellence in the examination to be guaranteed, they are (i) Studying according to the recommended texts (ii) Understanding the  monotonous style of the questions. (#1) To Study According To Recommended Texts:- Taking West African Literature-in-English examination as a case study, it is necessary for any candidate willing to sit for WAEC, NECO or GCE to lay hold of the recommended texts and study them carefully. Having the appropriate syllabus will be a wise step towards success; the word "appropriate" must be of note since WAEC for example, does change her Literature-In-English syllable at a specific interval (precisely every four years) which means that some texts that are found helpful

Theme Of Hopelessness In Futility By Wilfred Owen

Though the poem is about a soldier's untimely death in war, the poem uses this forum to make a general observation about the hopeless situation of human existence. The poet is in a serious and sombre mood. The tone is that of regret. A highly philosophical poem in the sense that it attempts to portray the futility and meaninglessness of human mortality. The sun is generally seen as a life-sustaining agent but the poet wonders why the sun toils ceaselessly to sustain this meaningless life.

In the poets view, life is futile. There is no worthwhile hope in the life of men. When the poem speaker finally realizes that the soldier is dead, he resorts to rhetorical questions as a means to emphasize the futility of human life and to express his anxieties and distress about the dying soldier.

Preoccupation Of Oswald Mtshali In Nightfall In Soweto

The violence and all forms of crimes perpetrated at night by the white against the black in the poem titled "Night Fall In Soweto" are the things that preoccupied Oswald Mtshali.

With the use of simile, the poet referrred to nightfall as a "dreaded disease". The agents of the nightfall acrocities are shown "lurking in the shadow" and "clasping a dagger" awaiting their victims.

From the first person point of view, the readers of the poem are told that the poem speaker is one of the victim:
"I am the victim"
"I am the prey"
"I am slaughtered"

Urgency for survival made Oswald Mtshali seek means of escape. He put his worries in form of rhetorical questions "Where am I safe?" "Where am I safe?".

His feelings of fear are shown with the words like "quake" "tremble" "beast" "disease" "prey". His fear made him undermine his abode with the use of litotes by referring to it as "matchbox house".


Analysis Of Absence By Pablo Neruda

Absence by Pablo Neruda has the theme of love and optimism. Neruda composed the poem on the ground of love; based on the context of the poem, we see two lovers without close contact. While the female feels hurt, the poem speaker composed this reassuring poem to prove that his love for her remains intact. Last stanza of the poem shows the optimistic nature of the poet:
"But wait for me,
Keep for me your sweetness.
I will give you too
A rose."

2017 WAEC Literature Timetable

Below is a short reminder table that will always remind the naijapoets of the dates for 2017 WAEC May/June Literature-in-English examination...
Wednesday 5th April 2017Literature-In-English 2 (Prose) 08.30 – 09.45
Literature-In-English 1 (Objective)09.45– 10.45
Wednesday, 26th April, 2017Literature-In-English 3 (Drama & Poetry) 13.00 – 15.30
Hopefully, this short timetable which is relevant with the content of naijapoets.com will be found helpful by them that are concerned.

Naijapoets Hola At Derby Poetry Events

Derby Performance Poets Events
Naijapoets is a fan of poetry and things related poetry that why we've dimmed it fit to share this so you shouldn't be missing out on these awesome upcoming performance poetry.

"Derby Performance Poets
First Thursday of the month 7.30-9.30pm Our popular performance poetry evenings are designed for anybody interested in writing, performing or listening to live poetry...

Thursday 4 May - Children/Children’s verse
"Childrens’ Verse always appeals, just remember how it feels"

Thursday 1 June - Books (Derby Book Festival)
"Favourite Books and Characters put into verse"

Thursday July -  Beer/Pubs (Derby Beer Festival)

"40th Summer Beer Festival this year - food and drink, lots of cheer!"

Cube Events Poetry Nights

Poet, Author, Critic

Poet; this is generally known as a writer or composer of a poem. This subject can be explained in diverse ways as inspiration directs. From the African perspective (Yoruba people) precisely, were originally oral composers referred to as Akewi (or Alagbe which seems derogatory). Most professional ones were found in the palaces amusing the king and serving as a first hand informant to the king as to which visitor approaches the palace; some people call the Akoda-Oba and their early morning poetic chants are referred to as Rara.
Enough of the Yoruba ideology of poet, in the western world, according to Wikipedia, poets were found working for the royals. As time goes on being a poet became a part-time thing.

"The Renaissance period saw a continuation of patronage of poets by royalty. Many poets, however, had other sources of income, including Italians like Dante Aligheri, Giovanni Boccaccio and Petrarch's works in a pharmacist's guild and William Shakespeare's work in the theater.

In the Romantic period and onwards, many poets were independent writers who made their living through their work, often supplemented by income from other occupations or from family. This included poets such as William Wordsworth and Robert Burns." says Wikipedia.

Author: It is not a crime to call an author a creator. An author is the writer of literature whether poetry, prose or drama. Author can further get their works published even then, not all authors get their work published and not all published works are pioneered by the written author.
Being an author can be very lucrative; in terms of reward, royalty and acceptance. Eras affect the reward rate of being an author. This period of ours, pedagogical authors, internet-famous authors and religious authors reap higher reward of publishing. Some heads have channeled the blame of dwindling profitability of being an author to claim that readership has drastically declined but I'm of the believe that the decline only affect the reading of paper publications while the online or perhaps the internet publications keep witnessing higher and higher readership as days come by.

Critic: Critiques are written by critics; in other words, a person who appraises the works of others or a specialist in judging works of art is referred to as a critic. They do go through a work of art carefully and create a review about such work. Though critics are found in all aspects of art but let's concentrate a bit on literature which can be divided into prose, drama, poetry. Today on the internet, there are many platforms devoted towards reviewing literary works (anthologies, novels, dramatic books, not excluding movies and TV drama series).
Here few list according to specialization:-
(1) enotes; a general literature analysis website.
(2) shmoop; a general literature analysis website.
(3) poemanalysis; a poetry analysis website.
(4) naijapoets; a non-african and african analysis website.
(5) genius; a poetry and lyric analysis website.
(6) rottentomatoes; a movie analysis website.
(7) yahoo movies; a movie analysis website.
(8) tvline; a tv drama series analysis website.
(9) variety; a tv drama series analysis website.
(10) tvfanatic; a tv drama series analysis website.

Saturday, April 29, 2017

Comment On The Use Of Pun In The Pulley By George Herbert

"Comment on the use of pun in the pulley" WAEC May/June 2017.

One of the reasons why the examination council has added this classic metaphysical poem to the list of recommended poetry for the 2016-2020 Literature-in-English syllabus is to ensure that the candidates sitting for the examination are able to comprehend the the poet's use of language, style and symbolism.

The question here is about the use of pun in The Pulley by George Herbert. It is true that George Herbert wrote the poem to show God's high level of supremacy over humankind. The poet c

Friday, April 21, 2017

Analysis Of Prayer Before Birth By Louis MacNeice

“Prayer Before Birth” by Louis MacNeice is such a fictive poem where the voice of the poem (an unborn child) speaks to the readers by introducing himself and his varying demands in form of refrain in lines 1 and 25 “I am not yet born; O hear me” in line 8 “I am not yet born; provide me” in line 12 “I am not yet born; forgive me” in line 18 “I am not yet born; rehearse me” in line 28 “I am not yet born; O fill me” . All through the 8 stanzas of the poem, the readers can relate with the unborn child’s pleases and displeases _ the child detests danger and irritation (Let not the bloodsucking bat or the rat or the stoat or the club-footed ghoul come near me), confinements (I fear that human race may with tall walls wall me), he detests being deceived (with wise lies lure me), hardship or sufferings (on black racks rack me, in blood-baths roll me).

Even before birth, the readers have known the things the poem speaker will love to enjoy on earth; according the passionate crafting of MacNeice, the unborn child loves nature:
“I am not yet born; provide me
With water to dandle me, grass to grow for me, trees to tall
to me, sky to sing to me, birds and a white light
in the back of my mind to guide me.”

The unborn child loves to be forgiven of his wrongs. Considering that alone shows the level of imperfection in humans. The child admitted that his innocence won’t last forever (for the sins in me the world shall commit, my words when they speak me, my thoughts when they think me, my treason engendered by traitors beyond me…). Guidance is another thing requested by the unborn child (in the parts I must play and the cues I must take when old men lecture me, bureaucrats hector me, mountains frown at me, lovers laugh at me, the white waves call me to folly and the desert call me to doom and the beggar refuses my gift and my children curse me)

Stanza 7 of the poem shows the unborn child is not just willing to be pampered on earth, he's ready to fight for a great course which made the child demanded being strengthened against his or her enemies. He backed his reasons for fighting for survival in the last stanza of the poem (Let them not make me a stone and let them not spill me. Otherwise kill me)

"I am not yet born; O fill me
With strength against those who would freeze my
humanity, would dragoon me into a lethal automaton,
would make me a cog in a machine, a thing with
one face, a thing, and against all those
who would dissipate my entirety, would
blow me like thistledown hither and
thither or hither and thither
like water held in the
hands would spill me."(according to stanza 7)

Three of the themes are (1) Imperfection; this prompted Louis MacNeice to craft the poem knowing that earth is an imperfect place where living beings battle the anomalies

Symbolism Setting And Style In Letter To Martha 17 By Dennis Brutus

In terms of style, Letter To Martha 17 by Dennis Brutus is a 6 stanza poem totaling 29 lines. Brutus structured this poem in free verse with the use of run-on-lines maybe to please the urgency for freedom as felt by the poem speaker. Besides the line arrangement, soberness and simplicity in diction are things of note because it doesn’t require much literary expertise for anyone to comprehend the message of the poem.

Lets look at the use of symbolism amongst other poetic devices embodied in the poem. The “mind” in the poem symbolized the prisoner and his thoughts as seen in line 8 of the poem “the mind turns upwards/ when it can”; it represented the man unhappy state of confinement. In line 12, “the arc and fluorescent” were also symbols of

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Analysis Of London By A S J Tessimond

According to information gathered from wikipedia, the poet behind the poem titled "London" began to publish in the 1920s in literary magazines; during which he published "Walls of Glass" in 1934, "Voices in a Giant City" in 1947 and "Selections" in 1958. The poem London by A. S. J. Tessimond describes London from the poet's personal perspective of the city. He personified the title with the use of "I am" as seen in 1, 6, 12. You can read the complete three stanza poem when you click here

The settings of the poem is sure citylike "…the city of two divided cities" "the city of people sitting and talking quietly" "the city whose fog will fall like a finger gently". In terms of structure, the three unequal stanzas of the poem are void of rhymes and rhythm; the 1st stanza of the poem holds 5lines, the second stanza is in 6lines while the third stanza is seven. The 1st stanza shows the social state in London as a city with two class division of the poor and the rich; the servants and the masters. The 2nd stanza pictured the living system of the

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Analysis Of Corn Grinders By Sarojini Naidu

If you ask me, I just wonder how the title of the poem relates with the context; probably the title might be symbolic.

Corn Grinders by Sarojini Naidu, is an elegy where the voice in the recounts the sorrowful feelings of multiple bereaved entities. The mouse, the deer, and the bride are the victim of bereavement as shown in stanza 2, 4, 6.

In a question-and-answer form, the voice of the poem posed questions to the victims which in their responses revealed to the readers their plights and the reasons behind their cries all through the night;

Saturday, March 4, 2017

Use Of Visual Image In The Pulley By George Herbert

As we have mentioned in few of the articles in naijapoets, The Pulley by George Herbert relates man and God, God bestowed man (his creation) blessings such as strength, beauty, wisdom and so on.

The language of the poem is simple and conversational with suggestive tone. The varying visual images created by George Herbert shows the supremacy of God over man (his creator).

The title of the poem portrayed the strength of God (the creator) judging by the fact that a pulley is a powerful lifting device capable of moving object from point "A" to point "B". According to the poem, God placed man on earth through creation, then added unto man that which will toss him back to the creator. The title is also effective in that the more God increases t

Thursday, February 23, 2017

Joy And Pleasure By William Henry Davies

"Joy and Pleasure" by William Henry Davies is a poem of class. The title of the poem is in form of a symbolism where "joy" symbolizes poverty while "pleasure" symbolizes riches; this can be further proven in line 1 and 2 respectively where joy and pleasure are personified: "Now, joy is born of parents poor/ And pleasure of our richer kind".
With simple diction, alternate end rhyme scheme pattern, symbolism and personification; the readers are able to see the contrasting opinion embedded in the poem.

There are lots of simile in the poem for the purpose of juxtaposition. In line 9 "Joy’s like a Bee" in line 11 "pleasure’s like a greedy

Monday, February 13, 2017

Analysis Of When This Carnival Finally Closes By Jack Mapanje

Not all 14-line poem is a sonnet; and this one by Jack Mapanje is a good example. It is a free verse that centred on politics and leadership. The diction is quite simple and rurual-like in nature with a beach setting in terms of words like "bamboo" "dancers" "bonfire" and more.

The voice of the poem foresaw what will become of the actions of a certain leader referred to as "brother". The voice of the poem also saw how the leader's colleagues will betray and mock his reign_ line 2-4:
"...these very officers
Will burn the scripts of the praises we sang to you
And shatter the calabashes you drank from".
The voice of the poem believed the activities of the leader was unnecessary; in line 1 it was referred to as a "frothful carnival" because his officers were not faithful; they will go to the extent of burning his bamboo hut under the guise of giving him a "true traditional burial".

According to line 6 "Become the accomplices to your lie-achieved world!" proves the voice of the poem is certain that the leader's ways are not straight; he's a corrupt leader. This tells the readers that the voice of the poem is an unbiased one who sincerely hits the  nail in the head.

There are other noted poetic devices in the poem titled "When This Carnival Finally Closes" by Jack Mapanje; and they are as follows:
(1) "scripts of the praise" in line 3 is a metaphor
(2) "drumming veins" in line 2 is a symbolism
(3) "...a God? The devil!" in line 14 is an oxymoron
(4) "bamboo hut on the beach" in line 7 is an alliteration
(5) "And at the wake new mask dancers will quickly leap" in line 11 is an imagery
(6) "What did he think he would become, a God? The devil!" in line 14 is a rhetorical question
(7) "And shatter the calabashes you drank from . Your/ Charms, these drums, and the effigies blazing will" in line 4-5 is an enjambment

The themes are betrayal, change, governance, politics, death, achievement, waste, corruption, etc. In terms of betrayal, the voice of the poem foresaw the leader's betrayal. Change in the poem is seen from line 11-13:
"And at the wake new mask dancers will quickly leap
Into the arena dancing to tighter skins, boasting
Other clans of calabashes..."
Governance and politics can be considered the motivation for crafting this poem "When This Carnival Finally Closes" by Jack Mapanje. Death was not directly mentioned in the poem but was suggested with phrases such as "drumming veins dry" "giving their hero a true traditional burial". The achievement of the leader is linked to corruption when the voice of the poem referred to it as "your lie-achieved world!"

As of this moment, whenever Malawian poets come to mind the first name to remember is David Rubadiri followed by Jack Mapanje. He was born 25 March 1944 in Mangochi District of Malawi. Jack Mapanje has made the list of African poets whose poetry landed them in prison; other African poets of the same predicament are Chris Abani, Wole Soyinka, etc. Jack Mapanje was put in prison by a ruling tyrant without charge.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Monday, February 6, 2017

At Fifteen I Went With The Army by Arthur Waley

A boy went with the army to a war at the age of fifteen but met a desolate or rather deserted home at the age of eighty .When he got to the village, he couldn’t recognize his home until a man he met in the village showed him what used to be his house (now outgrown by weeds, trees, and pheasants). According to line 9-10
“In the courtyard was growing some wild grain;
And by the well, wild mallows.”

The house was so taken by weeds to the extent that he made porridge and soup off the grains; sadly “no one to eat them with”. The unhappiness of the boy even extended till the end of the poem where he said
“I went out and looked towards the east,
While tears fell and wetted my clothes”

Probably, one may be forced to wonder why the boy looked towards the east. It might be that the only possible place his life could restart is in the east, it may also be that east is the cause of his sorrow.

“At Fifteen I Went With The Army” is a poem written by an unknown Chinese poet but translated by Arthur Waley. This’ another example of poem written about war or communal attack; (naijapoets has analyzed similar

Saturday, February 4, 2017

Analysis Of The Anvil And The Hammer By Kofi Awoonor

This is another African poem that focuses its subject on the conflict of culture_ sharing the same theme with the poem titled "Piano and Drums" by Gabriel Okara.
One can hear the poem speaker's willingness to balance both culture or lifestyle by saying in line 11-12 "Sew the old days for us, our fathers/ That we can wear them under our new garment". The issue of colonialism is not out the picture in this poem "The Anvil and The Hammer" by Kofi Awoonor. The alien culture came into Africa via colonialism to mix with the ways of the Africans. The speaker in the poem found himself between the two opposite lifestyles which made him liken himself to an iron to be reshaped by the anvil and the hammer.

The poem is said to be cultural inclined with a colonial setting. Structurally, The Anvil and The Hammer by Kofi Awoonor is a free verse; a free verse is a poem that does not use consistent meter patterns, rhyme,

Monday, January 30, 2017

Simple Summary Of Native Son By Richard Wright

Native Son by Richard Wright is a prose whose setting is considered to be in Chicago among other settings such as the one-room abode of Mrs. Thomas, The Dalton's rich abode, The Theatre, ....

In the novel "Native Son", Richard Wright embraced verbosity in his attempt to detail the events in the poem; well though he made use of ironies, allusion, and foreshadowing among other recipes that spiced the novel.

The themes in the prose are interrelated; where one theme leads to another. The first and the motivating theme of the novel is the theme of ideological variance. The Thomas family and the Dalton are the symbols of different ideologies; where the Thomas belonged to the poor African-American side of the story while the Dalton belonged to the wealthy high class of

Wednesday, January 25, 2017

The Seafarer By Ezra Pound; Analyzed

Ezra Pound was a poet born on the October 30, 1885, in Hailey, Idaho, United States of America. He's generally considered the poet most responsible for defining and promoting a modernist aesthetic in poetry.

This lenghty line poem was originally written by an unknown Anglo-Saxon written but translated by Ezra Pound. It is in a free verse which maybe as a result of translation. The poem can be categorized under ship and sea; which makes it possess a sea setting.

Line 1-5: May I confess of this journey's hardship which I endured.

Line 6-8: While the sea tossed, I endured the "dire sea-surge" and spent "Narrow night watch nigh the ship's head".

Line 9-14: I was afflicted by cold; cold numbed my feet, the chains are cold, "chafing sighs hew my heart round" and in my tired mood I suffered hunger. How I wish people knew that living on land is better than the sea; most especially the ice-cold sea.

Line 15-20: I tried withstand the winter, looked so wretched like an outcast witho

Castle Of Otranto By Horace Walpole (Brief Overview)

To remind you that Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole is the first Gothic fiction will seem like a needless repetition because virtually everybody knows that. The Castle of Otranto was published in 1764 during the period called "Age of Reason".

The Castle of Otranto is built around Manfred's desperation to uphold his beloved status. The book begins on the wedding-day of his sickly son Conrad and princess Isabella. Shortly before the wedding, however, Conrad is crushed to death by a gigantic helmet that falls on him from above. This inexplicable event is particularly ominous in light of an ancient prophecy "That the castle and lordship of Otranto should pass from the present family, whenever the real owner should be grown too large to inhabit it". Manfred, terrified that Conrad's death signals the beginning of the end for his line, resolves to avert destruction by marrying Isabella himself while divorcing his current wife Hippolita, who he feels has failed to bear him a proper heir.

[THEME 1] The Castle:- The castle can be tagged one of the themes of the novel The Castle of Otranto. The title and the context of the story in totality give the castle another dimension. It can also be added that the castle is almost a hyperbole in itself. The disproportionate size of the castle has such a central and important role. The castle does not really continue reading>>>

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

3 Themes In The Blood Of A Stranger By Dele Charley

Common components in a tragic drama are greed, deceit, betrayal, crime, etc. and another universally known drama to support this claim is “Othello” written by William Shakespeare. In the drama "Othello" we see the greedy Iago with all sorts of betrayal attempts on Othello, Cassio, Montano, etc.

“The Blood of a Stranger” by Dele Charley is sure a tragedy in the sense that all the evildoers in Mandoland reaped the reward of their evil accordingly; where Kindo killed Parker as a way of avenging Soko’s death; the same Kindo also beheaded Whithead (the corrupt and greedy white man who came to Mando with the aim of exploiting their diamond).

3 Among the Themes in The Blood of a Stranger are:
1. Corruption and the aftermath of corruption: Virtually all the trusted leaders in Mandoland are corrupt. Their corrupt spirits are ignited by greed and the need to amass the wealth even at the expense of the villagers. Whitehead, whom the villagers_ at first, rebuked his arrival_ became a glorified figure in Mandoland, after falsely informing the people he came to create a tobacco farm in Mandoland. Maligu also capitalized on Santigi's reliance of his wisdom, as a sure tool to mastermind the corruption in the village. Soko, the trusted priest of the people, was also lured with ambition of becoming rich; Maligu convinced him

Thursday, January 19, 2017

A Raisin In The Sun By Lorraine Hansberry (Difference Between Mama AndWalter)

It is the story of a poor black American family that suddenly got the opportunity to transform its state of living with a $10,000 insurance cheque issued the family as their deceased father's life insurance policy. Different ideas surfaced towards the use of the money which almost led to huge disagreement in the family.

In a tabular form, let's examine the difference between Mama and Walter.
(1) Mama is Walter's mother (1) Walter is a son to Mama
(2) Mama is moral and ambitious (2) Walter is desperate and ambitious
(3) Mama's strong belief in Christianity belief is revealed in the play (3) Walter's religious belief is not noted
(4) Mama is a very compassionate woman even when Walter lost part of the insurance money to his doomed investment, Mama treated him like a prodigal son (4) Walter is a character so adamant and sticks to his own believe alone
(5) Mama's passion is to give her family a better life by providing them a conducive place to live (5) Walter's passion is to give his family a better life by investing the insurance money

Mama and Walter

Thursday, January 12, 2017

Detail Analysis Of My Parents Kept Me From Children Who Were Rough ByStephen Spender

"My Parents Kept Me From Children Who Were Rough" is a poem written by Stephen Spender; an English poet born 28-02-1909 in Kensington but died at the age of 86 year old on 16-07-1995.

Stephen Spender was a huge fan of literature and art. He was very friendly and his friendship aligned with the proverb that says "Birds of the same feathers fly together".

Wikipedia says and I quote: "Spender was acquainted with fellow Auden Group members Louis MacNeice, Edward Upward and Cecil Day-Lewis. He was friendly with David Jones and later came to know W. B. Yeats, Allen Ginsberg, Ted Hughes, Joseph Brodsky, Isaiah Berlin, Mary McCarthy, Roy Campbell, Raymond Chandler, Dylan Thomas, Jean-Paul Sartre, F. T. Prince and T. S. Eliot, as well as members of the Bloomsbury Group, in particular Virginia Woolf."

"My Parents Kept Me From Children Who Were Rough" talks about the poet's childhood experience with bullies. The twelve line poem which is divided into three stanzas of equal lines per stanza, explained how the poet was bullies by a group of superior but inferior. It further explained that bitter words and muscular strength are their bullying tools. It concluded the poem with one of the everlasting effects on a bully victim; which is lack of forgiveness.

According to stanza one, his parents kept him from those bully boys because the harshly mismanaged the spoken words, they were poor wearing "rags", and "They ran the street" "And climbed cliffs and stripped by country streams".

Second stanza, the poet feared the bullies because of their strength and many times they'd beaten him.

In stanza three, they really tormented him; haunted him like by appearing when he least expected. They even threw mud at him.

The poem is categorized under youthful recollection and it has a well planned structure, simple dictions, and physical human setting with the use of "street" "climbed cliffs" "country streams" "on the road" "behind hedges" "mud" etc.

The central theme in the poem is bullying but other themes of note are lack of forgiveness, fear, superiority, inferiority and poverty.
The poet was

Saturday, January 7, 2017

Deep Analysis Of Lullaby By W H Auden

Lullaby is a soothing song intended to lull a child to sleep. In the poem "Lullaby" by W. H. Auden, two crucial subjects were placed side-by-side; love and lullaby.

With the notion of the poem, lullaby is the best way to love which surpassed outward appreciation, nighttime sensual moments and cohabitational responsibilities. Auden saw no certainty in other things than lullaby.

He believed that time and sickness destroy youthfulness and its accompanied hopefulness through aging and dying; that's why the night his lover lie on his arms was worth everything to him.

Auden accepted the strong emotionality within romantic ecstasy but failed to attach importance to such ecstasy because it was gravy. Such ecstasy leads to other things like parenting:

"Soul and body have no bounds:
To lovers as they lie upon
Her tolerant enchanted slope
In their ordinary swoon,
Grave the vision Venus sends
Of supernatural sympathy,
Universal love and hope;
While abstract insight wakes
Among the glaciers and the rocks
The hermit's sensual ecstasy."

In stanza 3, Auden explained that although lovemaking as a means of quenching the cry of boredom, only last a very short period of time "like vibrations

Thursday, January 5, 2017

Elegy Written In A Country Churchyard by Thomas Gray (Summary)

Thomas Gray was an English poet and among other things, a professor at Pembroke College, Cambridge. He was born 1716 but departed the earth 1771.

A book cannot be judged by its cover but according to the notion of the poem speaker, status of a dead person can be judged by the nature of his or her grave.

By looking at the graves in a certain country churchyard, the poem speaker concluded that they were poor alive which led to the sympathetic feeling towards them.

The journey of life comes to halt with death and such is buttressed in the poem. The poem speaker reminds the readers that death is inevitable and comes to everyone irrespective of class, age or status.

The poet through imagery sets the mood of finality that depicts an end to an ongoing activity. This state of finality is reflected in the significance of the images of the "curfew", the "lowing herd" and the "plowman" who, in their various activities, indicate an end of action, a span of life as it were. Thus in "tolls and knell of parting day", "wind

Monday, January 2, 2017

Overview Of We Shall Not Sleep By Chirikure Chirikure

Chirikure Chirikure is a Zimbabwean poet, songwriter, and writer born in the year 1962. The poet's name is relevant in African poetry circle and in 1990, Chirikure's book "Rukuvhute" received Honorable Mention in the Noma Award for Publishing in Africa.

The style adopted in crafting the poem is similar to that of Birago Diop's fondly used of refrain. The thematic message in the poem is based on oppression and opposition.

The voice in the poem sounds protesting the evil deeds of unnamed oppre

Sunday, January 1, 2017

Analysis Of My Busconductor By Roger McGough

This thirty three line poem begins with an abstract voice telling the readers about his busconductor who soon will depart this heart as a result of kidney failure. From line 5-18, the poem speaker tells that all the things that used to amount to nothing in the eyes of the busconductor became important while those cherished things became uninteresting to the busconductor:-
"Each busticket
takes on now a different shape
and texture.
He holds a ninepenny single
as if it were a rose
and puts the shilling in his bag
as a child into a gasmeter.
His thin lips
have no quips
for fat factorygirls
and he ignores
the drunk who snores
and the oldman who talks to himself
and gets off at

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